First-time home buyers face challenges that more experienced home buyers do not.
For example, a first-time home buyer may not be able to showÂ the same stable work history that a more experienced buyer can show; and a first-time home buyerÂ not have as much money saved.
But, perhaps, the biggest difference between a first-time home buyer and an experienced one is that first-time home buyers are less likely to have credit history.
First-time home buyers have had no mortgage, may own their car outright, and may reach for debit cards over credit cards when given the chance.
These three traits put first-time buyers "off the credit grid" and canÂ make getting mortgage-approved a bit ofÂ a challenge.
Call it the unintended consequence of debt-free living: with no visibleÂ evidence that you've managed credit accounts in the past, mortgage lenders become (rightfully) nervous about your ability to repay on a loan -- there's no history for them to go on.
Thankfully, you don't needÂ a traditional credit profile to get mortgage-approved.
The FHA mortgage isÂ available to first-time home buyers with "thin credit" or no credit whatsoever; and FHA-backed mortgages are available from nearly every mortgage lender.Click to see today's rates (Apr 28th, 2017)
A credit report is a written account of all creditor accounts which belong, or have belonged, to a person in their lifetime.
Credit reports are a compilation of information from credit bureaus, which are companies to which creditors report borrower payment history on a regular basis.
In the mortgage space, there are three main credit bureaus -- Experian, Equifax, and TransUnion. Each bureau uses the information available to it to assess your individual credit score.
A credit score is a numerical representation of the likelihood that you'll stop payingÂ on your mortgage. The higher your credit score, the more likely you are to make payments.
The algorithm which uses your credit report to determine your credit score is cloaked; we don't know how each line item affects the final score. However, we do know that yourÂ payment history is the single biggest factor in determining your credit score.
It's why first-time home buyers rarely have credit scores that are "excellent". There's just not enough history of managing credit and making payments to make that kind of determination.
It's okay to have less-than-perfect, though. It's even okay to have noÂ credit.Â As a first-time home buyer, you can still get mortgage-approved.Click to see today's rates (Apr 28th, 2017)
First-time home buyers tend to carry credit scores which are lower than the general population.
Often, this is because first-time buyers have only a short history of managing credit, and payment history is the largest component of a person's credit score.
The solution, though, is not to go out and get a credit card or two; or open up a car loan. This would actually do more harm than good to the credit score.
Seeking new credit lines is a negative inÂ the credit bureaus' credit score algorithms and, besides, untilÂ 12 months of payment history exist for each of the new accounts, the effect on a borrower's credit score is heavily muted anyway.
The better, faster solution is to seek out mortgage loansÂ meant for borrower with little or no credit to their name.Â The FHA mortgage is one such option.
As the FHA loan's sponsor, the Federal Housing Administration, states on its website:
"The lack of a credit history, or the borrowerâ€™s decision to not use credit, may not be used as the basis for rejecting the loan application."
Instead of turning away borrowers who have not had a chance to build a credit history (or who have preferred not to), FHA mortgage guidelines instruct lenders to look at all aspects of a mortgage application.
This is good for first-time home buyers because FHA loans allow for a low down payment of just 3.5%, which can help a household with good income but less-than-optimal savings move from renting into homeownership.
And, there's a large market for this type of loan, too. Some estimates put the number of credit-lacking consumers at more than 5 million nationwide.
Don't let your lack of a credit score discourage you from purchasing a home. There are ways forward.
Via the FHA mortgage program, first-time home buyersÂ don't need to show credit history -- or even an active credit score -- to get approved for a mortgage loan.
Get today's live mortgage rates now. Your social security number is not required to get started, and all quotes come with access to your live mortgage credit scores.Click to see today's rates (Apr 28th, 2017)
The information contained on The Mortgage Reports website is for informational purposes only and is not an advertisement for products offered by Full Beaker. The views and opinions expressed herein are those of the author and do not reflect the policy or position of Full Beaker, its officers, parent, or affiliates.
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2017 Conforming, FHA, & VA Loan Limits
Mortgage loan limits for every U.S. county, as published by Fannie Mae & Freddie Mac, the Federal Housing Administration (FHA), and the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)