Getting a loan on a home you own outright
If you own your home outright, with no current mortgage, its value is all equity. You can tap that equity by taking out a loan against the home’s value. There are several mortgage loan options available when getting a loan on a home you own outright, including a cash-out refinance, home equity loan, or HELOC. So do your research and choose the best one based on your goals.
In this article (Skip to...)
Can I get a loan on a house that’s paid for?
Yes, you can get a loan on a home you own outright through a home equity loan, a home equity line of credit (HELOC), or a cash-out refinance.
A home equity loan allows you to borrow a fixed amount of money using your home as collateral and pay it back with interest over a set term. A HELOC, on the other hand, works like a credit card where you can borrow money as you need it up to a certain amount, and pay it back with interest.
- When you take out a home equity loan or a HELOC, the lender will determine the amount of equity you have in your home and use that as collateral for the loan. The amount of equity you have is determined by the difference between the current value of your home and the outstanding balance on your mortgage
- Cash-out refinancing allows you to borrow up to 80% of your home's appraised value. You’ll repay the loan via monthly payments, just like you did before you paid off your mortgage balance
Keep in mind that taking out a loan on a paid-off house puts your home at risk if you are unable to make payments. If you default on the loan, the lender may foreclose on your home to recoup their losses.
So, before taking out a home equity loan, or HELOC, make sure you can comfortably make the monthly payments and understand the risks involved.
Home equity loans for a paid-off house
Getting a loan on a house you already own lets you borrow against the value of your home without selling.
The type of loan you’ll qualify for depends on your credit score, debt-to-income ratio (DTI), loan-to-value ratio (LTV), and other factors. But assuming your personal finances are in good shape, you can likely choose from any of the following loan options that we summarized above.
1. Cash-out refinance
Cash-out refinancing typically involves applying for a new mortgage to replace an existing one and borrowing cash from your home equity. When you already own your home outright, you aren’t paying off an existing mortgage. So most or all of the loan will come to you as a lump sum of cash.
You can typically borrow up to 80% of your home’s value using a cash-out refinance. However, with the VA cash-out refi, you could potentially get up to 100% of your home’s value. But only veterans and active-duty service members have VA loan eligibility.
Refinancing requires a home appraisal to measure your home’s market value. Unless your home is worth over $1 million, in which case you may be able to get an appraisal waiver. You’ll also pay closing costs, ranging between 2% and 5% of your loan balance.
You can pay closing costs out of pocket, or your lender might be willing to cover part of them in exchange for a higher interest rate. Alternatively, you could roll the closing costs into your loan balance.
Cash-out refinancing typically requires a credit score of at least 620. But a higher score (720 and up) will earn you a lower mortgage rate and help you save on interest costs.
2. Home equity loan
Another option is a home equity loan. As with a cash-out refinance, the amount you can borrow is based on your home’s value. Your loan terms will also depend on your credit score.
Homeowners can typically borrow up to 80% of their home’s equity with a home equity loan, which is also known as a second mortgage. However, some smaller banks and credit unions may allow you to pull out up to 100% of your equity.
Once approved, you’ll receive the entire loan amount in cash to use as you wish. Then you’ll repay the loan with interest by making monthly payments.
Home equity loans have higher interest rates than refinancing but lower interest rates than credit cards or personal loans. Since it’s an installment loan with a fixed interest rate, you’ll also have a fixed monthly payment.
Many lenders set their minimum credit score for a home equity loan between 620 and 700.
3. Home equity line of credit (HELOC)
A home equity line of credit is similar to a home equity loan. But rather than receiving a lump sum of cash, borrowers can draw from a line of credit as needed.
Home equity lines of credit often have a draw period of 10 years, meaning you can borrow from the credit line and repay it as often as you want within that time frame. After the draw period ends, there’s typically a repayment period of up to 20 years, during which you cannot borrow from the HELOC and must repay any outstanding balance with interest.
A HELOC is a revolving account, like a credit card, so the amount borrowed determines your monthly payment. HELOCs usually have variable interest rates.
How to choose a loan on a home you already own
Although you have several options when getting a loan on a home you own outright, the right mortgage depends on your specific goals. Here’s how to choose the best loan for your financial situation.
- You need cash to buy another property. You can purchase a new property with the aid of a cash-out refinance or a home equity loan. Both loans give you a lump sum payment up front and let you extend the fixed repayment term over a longer period of time. HELOCs can have higher interest rates and variable rates, leaving you with less certainty about your future rate and monthly payments HELOCs can have higher interest rates and variable rates, leaving you with less certainty about your future rate and monthly payments
- You want to make home improvements. Home equity loans and HELOCs can be used to improve your home by making renovations or repairs. A home equity loan is great for a single project, while a HELOC is better for completing several projects over many years. You can also use a cash-out refi, but if you extend your loan term, you may pay more in interest over the life of the loan. This could make it harder for you to pay off your mortgage and add value to your home.
- You want to consolidate high-interest debts. A cash-out refinance is a way to use home equity to pay off high-interest debts, such as credit card debt or personal loans. It can be a smart way to save money on interest, but it has risks, such as a risk of foreclosure and using a long-term asset, the value of your real estate, to pay for shorter-term needs
Regardless of the type of loan you choose, request quotes from at least three mortgage lenders to compare interest rates, discount points, and upfront fees. This will help you get the best deal.
How to get a loan on a home you own outright
Getting a home equity loan on home you own outright can be a smart financial decision, allowing you to tap into the equity you’ve built. It can be used for various purposes, such as home improvement, debt consolidation, or funding a significant purchase.
Here is a step-by-step guide on how to obtain a home equity loan on a fully paid-off house:
- Determine your needs: Before applying for a home equity loan, identify why you need the loan and how much you want to borrow. Keep in mind that borrowing more than you need might lead to increased costs and interest rates.
- Calculate your equity: Equity is the difference between your home’s current market value and any outstanding debts secured by the property. Since your house is paid off, your equity is equal to the current market value of your home. You can calculate your home’s equity using online tools or consulting a local real estate agent.
- Check your credit score: A good credit score is essential for obtaining a home equity loan with favorable terms. Check your credit report for any errors and take steps to improve your credit score, if necessary, by paying off outstanding debts and ensuring timely bill payments.
- Shop around for lenders: Research various financial institutions, including banks, credit unions, and online lenders, to find the best home equity loan terms and interest rates. Compare loan offers and choose the one that best suits your needs.
- Gather necessary documents: Prepare the required documentation, including pay stubs, W-2 forms, bank statements, and tax returns.
- Apply for the loan: Fill out the loan application and provide the required documentation. The lender will review your application and determine whether you qualify for the loan.
- Close the loan: If you are approved for the loan, you will need to sign the loan documents and pay any closing costs or fees associated with the loan.
Once the loan is closed, you will receive the loan proceeds in a lump sum, which you can use for any purpose. Remember that you will be required to make monthly payments on the loan, and failure to do so could result in foreclosure on your home.
Alternatives to getting a loan on a home you own
Mortgages on your current home aren’t always necessary when buying a second home, vacation home, or investment property.
“You may already have enough savings for a down payment without tapping into your equity,” says Jon Meyer, The Mortgage Reports loan expert and licensed MLO.
Before getting a loan on a home you own outright, look into mortgage loans that allow low down payments. Home buyers should consider the following types of loans.
If you’re buying a new home to use as your primary residence, conventional loans allow financing with as little as a 3% down payment. You could qualify with a credit score as low as 620.
At least a 10% down payment is required for a vacation home, 20% to avoid private mortgage insurance, and 20-25% for a rental or investment property.
FHA loans require only a 3.5% down payment, allowing FICO scores as low as 580. You cannot use an FHA loan to purchase a vacation home or an investment property. But you can use one to buy a multi-unit property with up to four units, live in one of the units, and rent out the others.
VA loans are the best option for eligible veterans and service members due to their low mortgage rates, lack of mortgage insurance, and no down payment. However, they can only be used for a vacation or investment home when buying a multi-unit property with up to four units. You can also use a VA loan to buy a second home, but only if the second home becomes your primary residence.
Interest rates for a second home
If you’re using cash from your equity to buy another home, make sure you understand how interest rates work on a vacation home, second home, and investment property.
Since the new home won’t be your primary residence, you can expect a slightly higher mortgage rate. This rate increase protects the lender because these properties have a higher risk of default. That’s because mortgage lenders know that in the event of financial hardship, homeowners prioritize paying the mortgage on their primary home before a second home or investment property.
But although you’ll pay a higher rate when buying a second home, shopping around and comparing loans can help you save. To see the impact of higher mortgage rates, you can experiment with a mortgage calculator.
Should you mortgage the house you own?
Owning your home outright provides a valuable equity cushion, and it’s exciting when you no longer shoulder the burden of monthly mortgage payments. The good news is that you don’t have to sell your home to access your equity.
Using a cash-out refinance, home equity loan, or home equity line of credit, homeowners can pull cash from their equity and use the money for many different purposes. Make sure you understand the pros and cons of each type of financing and choose the best one for you based on your specific goals.