Today’s mortgage and refinance rates
Average mortgage rates rose again yesterday, though at a slower pace than over the previous two business days. Still, all those rises mean even the best offers for conventional, 30-year, fixed-rate mortgages are now close to 6.5%. Less than a week ago, they dipped below 6%.
Mortgage rates today are unlikely to move far, judging from market movements first thing this morning. However, that could change later in the day.
Current mortgage and refinance rates
|Conventional 30 year fixed|
|Conventional 30 year fixed||6.433%||6.463%||+0.07%|
|Conventional 15 year fixed|
|Conventional 15 year fixed||5.68%||5.709%||Unchanged|
|Conventional 20 year fixed|
|Conventional 20 year fixed||6.557%||6.605%||+0.3%|
|Conventional 10 year fixed|
|Conventional 10 year fixed||6.097%||6.197%||+0.24%|
|30 year fixed FHA|
|30 year fixed FHA||6.121%||6.893%||-0.08%|
|15 year fixed FHA|
|15 year fixed FHA||5.821%||6.343%||+0.03%|
|30 year fixed VA|
|30 year fixed VA||5.895%||6.124%||-0.05%|
|15 year fixed VA|
|15 year fixed VA||6.157%||6.515%||-0.1%|
|Conventional 5 year ARM|
|Conventional 5 year ARM||7.25%||7.315%||+0.01%|
|5/1 ARM FHA|
|5/1 ARM FHA||7.25%||7.585%||+0.01%|
|5/1 ARM VA|
|5/1 ARM VA||7.25%||7.585%||+0.01%|
|Rates are provided by our partner network, and may not reflect the market. Your rate might be different. Click here for a personalized rate quote. See our rate assumptions here.|
Should you lock a mortgage rate today?
Yesterday’s relatively small rise in mortgage rates was good news. Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell said some things that day that could have pushed them much higher.
While the smallness of that rise adds to my optimism that we’re experiencing a temporary bout of mortgage rate increases, it doesn’t really make my hopefulness any more certain than a hunch. And I must repeat my message from yesterday: If you're cautious with money, you might wish to go ahead and lock your rate now.
My recommendations (below) are intended to give longer-term suggestions about the overall direction of those rates. So, they don’t change daily to reflect fleeting sentiments in volatile markets.
Here are my personal rate lock recommendations:
- LOCK if closing in 7 days
- LOCK if closing in 15 days
- FLOAT if closing in 30 days
- FLOAT if closing in 45 days
- FLOAT if closing in 60 days
However, with so much uncertainty at the moment, your instincts could easily turn out to be as good as mine — or better. So let your gut and your own tolerance for risk help guide you.
Why are the first two recommendations still to lock? Because there’s too much risk of volatility to take chances so near to closing. Of course, if you’re happy with that risk, float away.
>Related: 7 Tips to get the best refinance rate
Market data affecting today’s mortgage rates
Here’s a snapshot of the state of play this morning at about 9:50 a.m. (ET). The data, compared with roughly the same time yesterday, were:
- The yield on 10-year Treasury notes edged up to 3.68% from 3.65%. (Bad for mortgage rates.) More than any other market, mortgage rates typically tend to follow these particular Treasury bond yields
- Major stock indexes were mostly lower soon after opening. (Sometimes good for mortgage rates.) When investors buy shares, they’re often selling bonds, which pushes those prices down and increases yields and mortgage rates. The opposite may happen when indexes are lower. But this is an imperfect relationship
- Oil prices rose to $78.34 from $75.07 a barrel. (Bad for mortgage rates*.) Energy prices play a prominent role in creating inflation and also point to future economic activity
- Gold prices increased to $1,889 from $1,883 an ounce. (Neutral for mortgage rates*.) It is generally better for rates when gold rises and worse when gold falls. Gold tends to rise when investors worry about the economy.
- CNN Business Fear & Greed index — inched up to 76 from 74 out of 100. (Bad for mortgage rates.) “Greedy” investors push bond prices down (and interest rates up) as they leave the bond market and move into stocks, while “fearful” investors do the opposite. So lower readings are often better than higher ones
*A movement of less than $20 on gold prices or 40 cents on oil ones is a change of 1% or less. So we only count meaningful differences as good or bad for mortgage rates.
Caveats about markets and rates
Before the pandemic and the Federal Reserve’s interventions in the mortgage market, you could look at the above figures and make a pretty good guess about what would happen to mortgage rates that day. But that’s no longer the case. We still make daily calls. And are usually right. But our record for accuracy won’t achieve its former high levels until things settle down.
So, use markets only as a rough guide. Because they have to be exceptionally strong or weak to rely on them. But, with that caveat, mortgage rates today are likely to be unchanged or barely changed. However, be aware that “intraday swings” (when rates change speed or direction during the day) are a common feature right now.
Important notes on today’s mortgage rates
Here are some things you need to know:
- Typically, mortgage rates go up when the economy’s doing well and down when it’s in trouble. But there are exceptions. Read ‘How mortgage rates are determined and why you should care’
- Only “top-tier” borrowers (with stellar credit scores, big down payments and very healthy finances) get the ultralow mortgage rates you’ll see advertised
- Lenders vary. Yours may or may not follow the crowd when it comes to daily rate movements — though they all usually follow the broader trend over time
- When daily rate changes are small, some lenders will adjust closing costs and leave their rate cards the same
- Refinance rates are typically close to those for purchases.
A lot is going on at the moment. And nobody can claim to know with certainty what will happen to mortgage rates in the coming hours, days, weeks or months.
Are mortgage and refinance rates rising or falling?
Last Friday’s excellent jobs report was a shock. It showed real strength in the economy.
And that’s something that’s bad for mortgage rates. They almost always rise when the economy’s strong.
It’s also not what the Federal Reserve wanted to hear. Its anti-inflation strategy (mostly interest rate hikes) is based on slowing the economy so that demand drops and prices moderate.
Yesterday morning, I warned about a speech that day by Fed Chair Jerome Powell. Would he double down on the central bank’s strategy by forecasting more hikes over a longer period than markets had been expecting?
Well, yes. He did. The Wall Street Journal (paywall) reported on his remarks thus: “Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell said the labor market’s surprising strength underscores why bringing inflation down will take longer and require higher interest rates than many investors have been anticipating.”
If anything, we should be surprised that mortgage rates didn’t rise higher yesterday. But that may be because markets were expecting Mr. Powell’s remarks and had traded on Friday and Monday in anticipation of them.
In other words, most of the impact on mortgage rates of Mr. Powell’s speech had been priced into those rates before he rose to deliver his comments.
I’m still hopeful that markets and the Fed will get over the shock of Friday’s jobs report sooner than many expect. It was only one month’s data and such monthly reports are notoriously “noisy,” meaning potentially corrupted as part of a trend by temporary factors.
With luck, mortgage rates might soon begin to drift down again. Indeed, that seemed to be happening overnight in a near-neighbor of the bond market that largely determines mortgage rates.
At 4:27 a.m. (ET) this morning, CNBC reported: “U.S. Treasury yields fell on Wednesday as investors assessed the monetary policy outlook after Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell’s latest comments.”
But such a snapshot in the small hours is clutching at straws. And, absent a big dollop of luck, the current level could become the floor of a new range of mortgage rates. Unfortunately, that could mean more rises ahead.
Which will it be? Higher or lower mortgage rates? That largely depends on other economic data that lands in the coming weeks. And I can’t safely predict those.
For more background on mortgage rates, please read the latest weekend edition of this daily rates report.
According to Freddie Mac’s archives, the weekly all-time low for mortgage rates was set on Jan. 7, 2021, when it stood at 2.65% for conventional, 30-year, fixed-rate mortgages.
Freddie’s Feb. 2 report put that same weekly average at 6.09%, down from the previous week’s 6.13%.
In November, Freddie stopped including discount points in its forecasts. It has also delayed until later in the day the time at which it publishes its Thursday reports. And, from now on, we'll be updating this section on Fridays.
Expert mortgage rate forecasts
Looking further ahead, Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and the Mortgage Bankers Association (MBA) each has a team of economists dedicated to monitoring and forecasting what will happen to the economy, the housing sector and mortgage rates.
And here are their rate forecasts for the current quarter (Q4/22) and the first three quarters of next year (Q1/23, Q2/23 and Q3/24).
The numbers in the table below are for 30-year, fixed-rate mortgages. Fannie’s and the MBA’s forecasts appeared on Jan. 20. Freddie’s was published on Oct. 21. Freddie now publishes its forecasts quarterly and its figures can quickly become stale.
Of course, given so many unknowables, the whole current crop of forecasts might be even more speculative than usual. And their past record for accuracy hasn’t been wildly impressive.
Find your lowest rate today
You should comparison shop widely, no matter what sort of mortgage you want. As federal regulator the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau says:
“Shopping around for your mortgage has the potential to lead to real savings. It may not sound like much, but saving even a quarter of a point in interest on your mortgage saves you thousands of dollars over the life of your loan.”
Mortgage rate methodology
The Mortgage Reports receives rates based on selected criteria from multiple lending partners each day. We arrive at an average rate and APR for each loan type to display in our chart. Because we average an array of rates, it gives you a better idea of what you might find in the marketplace. Furthermore, we average rates for the same loan types. For example, FHA fixed with FHA fixed. The end result is a good snapshot of daily rates and how they change over time.