HARP 2: A “No Appraisal Needed” Home Loan Refinance

July 26, 2016 - 4 min read

Editor’s Note: HARP expired 12/31/18. However, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac recently rolled out new High LTV refinances. Read about them here. This post will remain active for archival purposes. 

Loan-To-Value Doesn’t Matter With HARP Loan

With U.S. home values rising and mortgage rates low, the cash-out refinance has returned. It’s marked the beginning of the end of the “underwater refinance” era.

An underwater refinance is a refinance for a homeowner whose loan size is bigger than what their home is worth.

Underwater refinances are only possible because of forgiving mortgage guidelines such as those for the VA Streamline Refinance and the FHA Streamline Refinance — both of which waive home valuation as part of the approval process.

However, another forgiving set of guidelines — those belonging to the — have been of help to underwater homeowners, too.

HARP has been used for more than 3.3 million refinances since its 2009 inception, with homeowners saving more than $3,000 per year per refinance.

If your mortgage is currently underwater, consider making a HARP loan application. Approval standards are loosening and the program expires in December 2016 — just a short while from now.

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HARP Refinance: Mortgages For Underwater Homeowners

Since 2009, millions of U.S. households have refinanced despite having little or no home equity.

Some have refinanced via the and others via the FHA Streamline Refinance. More than 3 million homeowners, though, have used the government’s Home Affordable Refinance Program.

Sometimes called the , the HARP loan is a refinance for homes with “lost home equity”. Via HARP, lenders are instructed to make only a few verifications beyond proof of a year’s worth of mortgage payment.

HARP got its start in 2009.

At the time, the U.S. economy was sinking and mortgage rates had fallen to an all-time low. Unfortunately, however, home values were dropping, too, so there weren’t a lot of homeowners eligible to refinance without having to take on .

For most homeowners, the additional costs of PMI — which could total $2,500 per year or more — wiped out the benefits of the refinance.

The government recognized this problem and knew that getting homeowners to refinance to lower payments could do three things:

  1. Refinances would help to reduce foreclosures
  2. Refinances would help to boost consumer spending
  3. Refinance would help stave off recession

So, to help make refinancing possible, the government created the Home Affordable Refinance Program (HARP).

The main draw of HARP was that the program allowed homeowners whose loan-to-value exceeded 80% to refinance without an increase in their current private mortgage insurance coverage.

This meant that homeowners who had originally made a 20% downpayment — but now had little or no home equity at all — could refinance without needing to add a PMI policy to their payment.

Before HARP, this was impossible. With HARP, a niche was filled.

Today, though, with home values rising, fewer homeowners are underwater any more. HARP’s niche is less important. That said, HARP remains an integral part of the U.S. refinance market.

Several hundred thousand U.S. homeowners remain HARP-eligible and each stands to save thousands of dollars annually via the program.

It’s unclear why these homeowners have chose to skip their refinancing. Some experts think homeowners are “tired of refinancing”, and don’t want to gather their paperwork. Others believe that homeowners are unaware that they’re eligible.

Either way, with mortgage rates low, it’s a good time to look at HARP mortgage rates — the program expires at the end of next year.

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HARP 2.0: Reaching More Homeowners With Easier Guidelines

If you were once denied for the HARP loan program, it’s time to apply again. HARP mortgage guidelines are looser than ever in an attempt to help more homeowners. And, there’s a back story on this.

When HARP was first launched in 2009, it was successful, but the program wasn’t reaching nearly the number of households as planned. The government had aimed to help 7 million households. After two years, though, HARP hadn’t reached even one million homes.

So, to boost HARP refinances, in late-2011, the government loosened the programs requirements and relaunched the Obama Refi as HARP 2.0.

", said headlines.

The biggest difference between the first version of HARP and HARP 2 was that HARP 2 allowed for unlimited loan-to-value on a refinanced home. No matter how far underwater you were with your home and your loan, with HARP 2.0, refinancing was possible

Unlimited LTV was a boon to HARP refinancing in places such as Phoenix, Arizona; Orange County, California; and Las Vegas, Nevada — three areas in which homes values had plunged between 2007-2009.

Homeowners in these areas were typically severely underwater and, until HARP 2, they had been precluded from using the program.

Today, fewer U.S. homeowners are underwater. The HARP program still exists and will last until the end of 2016 but, each month, a shrinking number of U.S. households find themselves eligible.

If you can use HARP to refinance your loan today, get started with an application now.

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HARP Mortgage Rates Drop In Program’s Last Year

Mortgage rates are defying Wall Street predictions for 2016, and that includes rates assigned to HARP refinance loans.

Nationwide, there are millions of mortgages “in the money” for a refinance.

The government defines loans which are “in the money” as those with loan balances of at least $50,000; with remaining loan terms of at least 10 years; and, with current mortgage rates which are at least 150 basis points (1.5%) above today’s market rate.

Today’s market rate is near 3.375 percent.

Homeowners who are in the money will save 30% or more on their mortgage which, for some households — totals $8,000 or more per year.

If your current loan is HARP-eligible, compare your current mortgage rate against today’s HARP pricing.

What Are Today’s Mortgage Rates?

Hundreds of thousands of U.S. homeowners are immediately HARP-eligible. Maybe you are one of them. With mortgage rates low, it’s time to explore what kind of money you can save.

Get today’s live mortgage rates now. Your social security number is not required to get started, and all quotes come with access to your live mortgage credit scores.

Time to make a move? Let us find the right mortgage for you

Dan Green
Authored By: Dan Green
The Mortgage Reports contributor
Dan Green is an expert on topics of money and mortgage. With over 15 years writing for a consumer audience on personal finance topics, Dan has been featured in The Washington Post, MarketWatch, Bloomberg, and others.