The FHA insures 25% of the mortgage purchase market these days, up from 5% in 2006.
It’s not just because of low rates. The FHA offers a terrific mortgage product.
FHA And Conforming Mortgages : Key Differences
The FHA offers a 30-year fixed rate mortgage. So does Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. However, people tend to assume that these mortgages are alike; that a 30-year fixed is a 30-year fixed is a 30-year fixed.
It’s not. That would be like saying a car is a car is a car.
Beyond their 30-year amortization schedules, the 30-year fixed rate mortgage products from the FHA, and from Fannie and Freddie are hardly similar. Some of the difference are marked.
- FHA mandates mortgage insurance on all loans. Fannie and Freddie do not.
- FHA mortgage insurance lasts 60 months no matter what. Conforming mortgage insurance lasts until there’s 20% equity in the home.
- FHA mortgages can be assumed by a subsequent buyer. Conforming mortgages can’t.
- Conforming mortgages require loan-level pricing adjustments. FHA loans do not.
And, lastly, the FHA requires a minimum downpayment of 3.5% on a purchase. Fannie and Freddie want to see 5 percent, at least; oftentimes, 10 percent.Verify your mortgage eligibility (Aug 20th, 2019)
Mortgage Rates For FHA And Conforming Loans
Another big difference between FHA and conforming mortgages is how they’re priced.
Because FHA and conforming mortgages flow to Wall Street through different channels, their mortgage rates are never identical. Some days FHA rates are cheaper. Some days, they’re not.
- May 2006 : FHA 30-year fixed beat Conforming 30-year fixed by roughly 1 percent
- January 2009 : Conforming 30-year fixed beat FHA 30-year fixed by roughly 1 percent
Today, conforming loans beat FHA by roughly 30 basis points, or 0.30 percent.Verify your mortgage eligibility (Aug 20th, 2019)
Which Is Better : FHA Or Conforming 30-Year Fixed?
So which is better? FHA or Conforming? It depends on your individual situation and you have to do the math to know for sure.
As a basic rule of thumb:
- Downpayment/equity of 4.99% or less : Apply for an FHA mortgage
- Downpayment/equity of 5.00-19.99% : Ask your loan officer for a recommendation
- Downpayment/equity of 20% or more : Apply for a conforming mortgage
However, there are exceptions.
For example, if you’re HARP-eligible on a refinance, equity can be irrelevant and conforming is the way to go. Or, if you’re buying on the HomePath program, you can’t go FHA.
Furthermore, because of loan-level pricing adjustments, credit scores must figure into the math, too.
Compare Your Own Loan : FHA or Conforming?
To know whether you’re best served with an FHA loan or conforming one, you need to see what it looks like on paper. Consider your rates, your costs, and any add-on fees such as mortgage insurance.Verify your mortgage eligibility (Aug 20th, 2019)