Purchasing a leisure residence is no longer just for the rich and famous.
According to the National Association of REALTORSÂ®, vacation home sales topped out at 920,000Â in 2015. As the economy improves, incomes are increasing and as are real estate values. Buying a second home is again viewed asÂ a solid investment for the average family.
Some buyers payÂ cash, but others finance their new vacation spot with a mortgage, either on the newÂ home or aÂ home they already own.
Todayâ€™s mortgage marketplace offers Â a number of different loans and strategies to purchase that vacation, weekend, or otherwise part-time home. The good news is, a second home is often within reach for the average homeowner.
Low mortgage rates combined with affordable home prices make it an ideal time to move forward on aÂ vacation home purchase.Click to see today's rates (Apr 30th, 2017)
Second home mortgages are widely available from lenders across the country.
Lenders who use Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac guidelines are view second homes as a different category of home purchase. The three main categories are as follows.
Second homes fall within the mid-tier of home types when it comes to financing. Lending is more lenient for vacation homes than for investment or rental properties. But they come with some additional requirements compared to primary residence purchases.
One of the biggest differences is the downpayment requirement.
Home buyers who purchase a primary residence often need no downpayment if they use one of the many zero-downpayment options such as the USDA home loan.
FHA mortgages and VA loans are also popular low-downpayment options.
Yet, second homes are not eligible for these government-sponsored programs. Vacation home buyers will use a conventional loan approved to Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac standards.
Fannie Mae requires at least 10 percent down for second home purchases, compared to just three percent for a primary residence.
Some lenders could require a higher downpayment than Fannie Maeâ€™s standard second home minimum. Some could require 20 to 30 percent.
Itâ€™s important to shop mortgage lenders to find one who offers terms that will work for you.
Still, second home buyers tend to put more money down, on average. Many others pay cash.
According to NAR, the share of vacation buyers who paid in cash rose to 38 percent in 2015. Of the second home buyers who financed their purchase with a mortgage, nearly half made a 30 percent or more downpayment.
But putting this much down is certainly not the requirement and more lenders are offering more lenient second home mortgage options.Click to see today's rates (Apr 30th, 2017)
If youâ€™re thinking about buying a second home this year, there are a few different ways you can fund your new purchase.
You may not even have to take a loan out on the second home.
These are the most popular methods of making a downpayment -- or paying cash -- for a second home.
Home values are rising across the country.
Many homeowners have built substantial equity in their primary or rental residence in just the past few years. They can use tap into this equity via a cash-out refinance.
For example, a homeowner owes $100,000 on her mortgage, but her home is now valued at $200,000 due to appreciation. She could â€śextractâ€ť some of the equity by refinancing into a bigger loan and taking the difference in cash.
In this case, the borrower would have access to a substantial downpayment on a second home:
Borrowers who have good credit could borrow up to 80 percent of their homeâ€™s current value with a conventional loan. Other loan types allow an even higher percentage.
FHA loans allow 85 percent cash-out refinancing, while veterans may have access to 100 percent of their equity if they use a VA cash-out loan.
Todayâ€™s low mortgage rates allow some borrowers to drop their rate while taking a cash-out refinance. They could even come out with a similar payment on a bigger loan amount thanks to a lower interest rate.
Cash-out refinancing can be a good way to liquidate your home equity and then use it to afford that vacation home youâ€™ve had your eye on.
Before you take this step be sure you can afford the larger monthly payment on your primary home. Also consider the financial obligations associated with second home ownership, like taxes, insurance, and ongoing maintenance.
But for many, taking out a bigger loan on real estate they already own is the most economical way to buy a second home.Click to see today's rates (Apr 30th, 2017)
According to NARâ€™s annual vacation home buyer survey, a home equity line of credit (HELOC)Â on a primary residence is a favorite funding source for second home buyers.
If you have enough equity in your home right now, then you would simply take out a line of credit and buy your second abode outright or use the funds to pay for the down payment.
This option would eliminate the need to refinance your current mortgage. You would keep your first mortgage intact and add another loan with different terms.
This option works well who have refinanced into a very low rate. Opening a line of credit does not affect your first mortgage.
Homeowners can tap into 100 percent of their homeâ€™s value with a HELOC. Many local credit unions and national banks offer high loan-to-value home equity lending. Lenders are opening up new HELOC options daily.
Typically, applicants need good to excellent credit, but HELOCs come with some interesting perks.Â Once approved, cash generated from the loan is yours to use as you wish. Its interest rate is based on Prime rate, which is very low right now. So the rate may be lower than you would pay on a conventional mortgage.
Plus, you may be able to circumvent the closing costs that youâ€™d have to pay by taking out a new primary mortgage.
You usually have the choice of a home equity line which has a variable rate, or a home equity loan that has a fixed rate. The fixed option comes with a slightly higher rate, but has better payment stability built in, making it the right choice for some second home buyers.
A second home can be purchased just like any other home: with a mortgage taken out on the property being purchased.
However, the loan options are more limited. Government-backed programs like FHA loans VA loans, and the USDA mortgage only allow primary residence purchases.
But conventional lending through Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac is widely available. Just about any bank or credit union in the country offers this type of financing.
The conventional second home mortgage may have a fixed or adjustable interest rate, and require a downpayment of at least 10 percent.
Keep in mind that the lender will make check whether the home â€ślooksâ€ť like a vacation home. In other words, the buyer does not plan to turn the home into a rental property.
Second home mortgages come with lower rates than mortgages for rentals.
The lender will make sure the vacation home is a reasonable distance away from the buyerâ€™s primary residence.
The property location is also an indicator. A vacation home that is near a popular travel destination is more likely to be a second home in some cases. However, even in this case the lender will examine potential timeshare or short-term rental plans for the home, an arrangement that is not allowed by Fannie Mae.
Second homes prices are still affordable, and mortgage interest rates remain low. Now is an affordable time to buy a vacations home or condo.
Check todayâ€™s rates and get a no-obligation quote for the financing type that you choose.Click to see today's rates (Apr 30th, 2017)
The information contained on The Mortgage Reports website is for informational purposes only and is not an advertisement for products offered by Full Beaker. The views and opinions expressed herein are those of the author and do not reflect the policy or position of Full Beaker, its officers, parent, or affiliates.
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2017 Conforming, FHA, & VA Loan Limits
Mortgage loan limits for every U.S. county, as published by Fannie Mae & Freddie Mac, the Federal Housing Administration (FHA), and the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)