Mortgage escrow is when a mortgaged homeowner sendsÂ 1/12 of its annual real estate tax bill and hazard insurance premiumÂ to its mortgage lender each month along with the regularly scheduled mortgage payment. The lender collects mortgage escrow payments monthly, then distributes them to the homeowner's county assessor and insurance company semi-annually, respectively, when the payments come due. Homeowners choosing to use mortgage escrow can often receive a mortgage rate discount of 12.5 basis points (0.125%).
When you own a home, your fiscal responsibility goes deeper than just making monthly principal + interest payments to the bank. Real estate taxes and homeowners insurance are due, too.
Principal and interest payments are typically due monthly to your lender; real estate taxes are due to your local taxing authority; and homeowners insurance is due to your insurer.
Depending on how you manage these four parts, your lender may lower yourÂ mortgage rateÂ for you. Read on to learn more.Click to see today's rates (Sep 30th, 2016)
When a mortgage lender is trying to determine your ability to repay, one area at which it looks is your total monthly housing payment.
Your total monthly housing is calculated as follows :
Collectively, these elements -- principal, interest, taxes, insurance -- are known as PITI.
PITI is pronounced "pee-eye-tee-eye" and for rate-shopping home buyers, it can vary from day-to-day, and from home-to-home. This is because mortgage rates change daily, which change a home's principal + interest payment, and because everyÂ home's tax bill and insurance bill are different.
A home in storm-heavy Miami, Florida, for example, will typically cost more to insure than a home in Columbus, Ohio. The same is true for a home in the San Francisco Bay Area which may be more susceptible to natural disaster than a home in Denver, Colorado.
Similarly, homes in newly-built areas may require a higher tax bill as infrastructures get built, raising the monthly PITI as compared to homes in more mature neighborhoods.
Many mortgage programs such as the FHA Streamline Refinance and various VA home loans require monthly pro-rated tax and insurance bills to be included within the monthly mortgage payment, a loan trait known as "escrowing" taxes and insurance.Click to see today's rates (Sep 30th, 2016)
Escrows are a part of your mortgage payment and you'll want to know your obligation. It's best to use a calculator because, although the math is simple, you want to make sure you get it right.
First, find your home's real estate tax bill(s), noting that in some areas, you may receive statements from multiple different taxing authorities. Find the sum of these statements and add to it your annual hazard insurance premium.
If you are a home buyer and don't know what your hazard insurance premium will be, estimate 1% of the purchase price. This will yield an estimate which is likely larger than your actual premium, but when building a budget, it's often better to estimate on the high-side.
Next, divide your sum by the 12 months in a year.
As an example, a Bucks County, Pennsylvania home with a $8,400 annual tax bill and a $1,200 insurance policy will pay $9,600 annually. This yields $800 paid into escrow monthly as part of PITI.
These monies are paid along with the mortgage payment's principal + interest portion.Click to see today's rates (Sep 30th, 2016)
Not all mortgages will require a homeowner to escrow.
Specifically, mortgages via Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac for which there is at least 20% equity will often allow self-management of a homeowner's annual tax and insurance obligations.
Asking to pay your own taxes and insurance is known as "waiving escrow".
Not surprisingly, mortgage servicers prefer that homeowners escrow for taxes and insurance. This is because when escrows are waived, it introduces two major lender risks:
These two scenarios are avoidable for loans with escrows; when the full PITI is paid to the lender monthly.
For this reason, homeowners choosing to waive escrows may sometimes be denied access to the same low rates as their tax-and-insurance escrowing peers. The "fee" to waive escrows can raise your mortgage rate by as much as 0.25 percentage points.
If you're planning to buy a home or refinance one, consider the costs of escrowing or not escrowing. Jumbo lenders are most likely to allow the waiving of escrows without penalty.
Get today's live mortgage rates now. Your social security number is not required to get started, and all quotes come with access to your live mortgage credit scores.Click to see today's rates (Sep 30th, 2016)
The information contained on The Mortgage Reports website is for informational purposes only and is not an advertisement for products offered by Full Beaker. The views and opinions expressed herein are those of the author and do not reflect the policy or position of Full Beaker, its officers, parent, or affiliates.
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2016 Conforming, FHA, & VA Loan Limits
Mortgage loan limits for every U.S. county, as published by Fannie Mae & Freddie Mac, the Federal Housing Administration (FHA), and the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)