Mortgage rates made their biggest one-week drop in more than 4 years last week, lowering U.S. rates to a 10-week best. Refinance opportunities have re-opened nationwide and U.S. households are taking notice.
As the number of refinance applications increase, demand for "no appraisal" products including the HARP 2 program and the VA Streamline Refinance have flourished. These reduced-documentation programs, and others like them, make the process of refinancing simple.
Need to choose the best streamlined refi for your home? Use this guide as your starting point.
A "mortgage refinance" is the act of, literally, re-financing a mortgage; replacing the old loan with a new one. In a refinance, the original loan is paid off and its terms satisfied in full. There are no further obligations to the original mortgage lender.
Instead, there is a new mortgage loan which exists as a replacement. The new loan's lender may be the same, or different, from the original one; and the loan's features may be the same, or different, from the original one.
The traits of the new mortgage will depend on the wants of the homeowner :
There are many reasons to refinance, but "to get a lower mortgage rate" is among the most popular. With low mortgage rates -- all things equal -- monthly payments reduce, principal pay downs occur more quickly, and, over the long-term, mortgage interest costs decline.
Today's 30-year fixed rate mortgage rates are low by historical standards. Millions of U.S. homeowners remain refinance-eligible.
There are multiple refinance types available to today's homeowners but among the most popular is the "streamline refinance", a generic term for refinances which require less documentation than a "normal" refi.
Streamline refinances are known by different names, depending on the federal agency which offers it.
The Home Affordable Refinance Program (HARP) is a streamline refinance for homeowners with mortgages backed by either Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac.
HARP's eligibility requirements are as follows :
HARP refinances allow for unlimited loan-to-value on a fixed rate mortgage; and there is no specific requirement for a homeowner's income, credit and employment to be verified.
The HARP program is available for limited time. HARP loans won't be available after December 31, 2015 unless the program is extended via the White House's "Better Bargain For U.S. Homeowners" plan -- a plan which is sometimes known as HARP 3.
The FHA Streamline Refinance is a refinance program available to homeowners with FHA-insured mortgages.
The eligibility requirements for the FHA Streamline Refinance are as follows :
The FHA Streamline Refinance guidelines says that income, assets and credit are not verified; nor is employment. Appraisals are not required, either.
Via the FHA Streamline Refinance, homeowners whose FHA mortgage was endorsed on, or prior to, May 31, 2009 are eligible for special, reduced FHA mortgage insurance rates.
The FHA Streamline Refinance can be used on primary homes, vacation homes, and investment properties.
The VA Streamline Refinance program is available to homeowners with VA-guaranteed mortgages. The program's official name is the Interest Rate Reduction Refinance Loan (IRRRL) and it's backed by the Department of Veterans Affairs.
The eligibility requirements for the VA Streamline Refinance (IRRRL) are as follows :
VA Streamline Refinance guidelines state that income, assets and credit should not be verified; nor should employment. Furthermore, in most cases, home appraisals are not required to refinance.
Mortgage insurance is not required for the VA IRRRL, regardless of loan-to-value.
The USDA Streamline Refinance program is available to homeowners with USDA-guaranteed home loans. The program is currently in "pilot", and is not available to everyone.
The eligibility requirements for the USDA Streamline Refinance are as follows :
There is no income, credit, or employment verification via the USDA Streamline Refinance program; nor is an appraisals required. As with HARP, the FHA Streamline Refinance, and the VA Streamline Refinance, underwater properties may be refinanced via the USDA Streamline Refinance program.
The USDA Streamline Refinance is currently available in 19 states. Those states are Alabama, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, Mississippi, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Carolina and Tennessee.
Streamline refinance rates are comparable to "regular" mortgage rates. The advantage is the lack of required documentation, the waiving of appraisal, and the expedited time frame for closing.
With a streamline refinance, you can start saving money more quickly. See what a streamline refinance can do for your budget.
The information contained on The Mortgage Reports website is for informational purposes only and is not an advertisement for products offered by Full Beaker. The views and opinions expressed herein are those of the author and do not reflect the policy or position of Full Beaker, its officers, parent, or affiliates.
Michael J. Network Engineer
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Sarah M. Office Manager
The Mortgage Reports has been an invaluable resource to me -- it helped me to pick the sweet spot to refinance. Thanks!
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2015 Conforming, FHA, & VA Loan Limits
Mortgage loan limits for every U.S. county, as published by Fannie Mae & Freddie Mac, the Federal Housing Administration (FHA), and the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)