A conventional loan is a loan backed by either Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac, the two entities which comprise the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA). More than half of all new mortgage loans are conventional loans, which include special mortgage programs such as the HomeReadyā¢ mortgage and the Conventional 97.Ā The most common non-conventional loans areĀ FHA loans, VA loans and USDA loans.
Editor's Note: Fannie Mae discontinued its original Conventional 97 program in late-2013. Then, in December 2014, the program relaunched with looserĀ mortgage guidelines.Ā
Read a complete Q&A about the new Conventional 97 program here.Ā This post will remain active for archive purposes.
For today's home buyers, there's a large mix of low- and no-downpayment mortgages from which to choose.
Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac offer a basic 5% down mortgage. The FHA's main product requires just 3.5% down. And, via the VA and USDA, qualifying home buyers can buy with no downpayment at all.
There's an additional low-downpayment program, too, and it's known as the Conventional 97. Conventional 97 is a Fannie Mae-backed product which allows for a 3 percent downpayment, ultra-low mortgage insurance rates, and a 100% gift from blood or by-marriage relatives.
In addition, today's mortgage rates for the Conventional 97 program are great.
The Conventional 97 program is available to all U.S. homeowners via Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.
It's a true, three-percent-downpayment mortgage program, for which the 3% downpayment may come as a gift.Ā In many respects, it's more aggressive that the FHA's benchmark mortgage product in that guidelines are simpler and less-restrictive.
Here are some common answers to questions about the Conventional 97 mortgage.
Yes, the Conventional 97 mortgage program is backed by the government. It's offered via Fannie Mae only. The program is not available via Freddie Mac, nor is it available via the Federal Housing Administration (FHA), Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) or the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA).
The Conventional 97 program requires a 3 percent downpayment, at minimum. The 3 percent minimum is based on the lower of the home's appraised value or purchase price. 3 percent on a $200,000 home purchase is $6,000 for downpayment. By comparison, an FHA mortgage would require at least $7,000 down.
Yes, in many cases, theĀ Conventional 97 program is less expensive than an FHA mortgage. This is because theĀ Conventional 97 program does not require an upfront mortgage insurance premium, and because its annual mortgage insurance rates are cheaper, too. Mortgage rates are often comparable.
Yes, Fannie Mae allows homeowners to use the Conventional 97 program for rate-and-term refinances only. It may be used for a cash-out refinance. If you plan to use theĀ Conventional 97 to refinance a mortgage pre-dating June 1, 2009, however, consider the HARP refinance first. HARP is a mortgage for underwater homeowners and may offer better loan terms, overall.
Yes, the Conventional 97 program is property type-restricted. The program may only be used for single-family dwellings. This includes single-family detached homes, single-family attached homes, townhomes, condominiums, co-ops, and rowhomes.
No, theĀ Conventional 97 program may only used for single-family dwellings.
TheĀ Conventional 97 mortgage program is capped at a $417,000 loan size. Loan sizes for more than $417,000 are not allowed, even in designated high-cost areas such as New York City, New York; Los Angeles, California; and Montgomery County, Maryland where the local conforming mortgage loan limit is $625,500.
There is no maximum purchase price to use theĀ Conventional 97 mortgage program, per se, but 3 percent down on $430,000 is equal to $417,000. Therefore, if you're seeking to minimize your out-of-pocket payments, purchase a home for $430,000 or less.
Yes, theĀ Conventional 97 mortgage program enforces occupancy requirements. TheĀ Conventional 97 is available for owner-occupied properties only. You may not use the program for second homes or vacation homes; or investment properties.
No, theĀ Conventional 97 program is for owner-occupied properties only.
TheĀ Conventional 97 is limited to a combined loan-to-value of 97%. You may not use subordinate financing (e.g.; home equity line of credit, home equity loan, "soft second") in conjunction with a Conventional 97 mortgage.
The documentation requirements for aĀ Conventional 97 loan are the same as for any other Fannie Mae-backed mortgage. Mortgage applicants should expect to provide recent paystubs, W-2s and federal income tax returns; as well as bank statements and other relevant paperwork. There is no additional paperwork specifically related to the Conventional 97 program.
No, the Conventional 97 program does not require home buyer counseling for First-Time Home Buyers, or anyone else.
TheĀ Conventional 97 program allows for fixed-rate mortgages only. Adjustable-rate mortgages (ARM) are not available.
Yes, the 30-year fixed rate mortgage rate is available to home buyers and refinancing households usingĀ Conventional 97.Ā ARMs are not available.
Yes, the 15-year fixed rate mortgage rate is available to home buyers and refinancing households usingĀ Conventional 97.Ā ARMs are not available.
Yes, the Conventional 97 program requires that all borrowers carry mortgage insurance.
The Conventional 97 program is via Fannie Mae, which means that PMI requirements follow Fannie Mae rules. Via the program, private mortgage insurance must only be paid until the home reaches 80% loan-to-value, and so long as 12 months have passed from the start of the loan.
No, the Conventional 97 program does not require upfront mortgage insurance premiums like an FHA loan. It only requires annual mortgage insurance, paid monthly, until such time as 12 months have passed and the home reaches 80% loan-to-value.
No, the Conventional 97 program does not require a funding feeĀ like a VA loan. It only requires an annual mortgage insurance premium, which is paid monthly. The annual mortgage insurance is no longer required after 12 months have passed and after the home has reached 80% loan-to-value.
Yes, theĀ Conventional 97 program requires a minimum credit score, which varies by downpayment source. All mortgage applicants must show a credit score of 680 or better. However, mortgage applicants accepting gift funds for a downpayment must show a credit score of at least 740. Your credit score is based on the middle of your three credit scores, as reported by the major credit bureaus TransUnion, Equifax and Experian.
For home buyers accepting a gift of downpayment of any size -- even $100 -- theĀ Conventional 97 program requires a credit score of 740 or higher.
For home buyers making a downpayment from their own reserves/assets, theĀ Conventional 97 program requires a credit score of 680 or better.
No, theĀ Conventional 97 requires a credit score of at least 680. If your credit score is below 680, consider an FHA mortgage. The FHA allows for 3.5% downpayment and does not enforce a minimum credit score in many cases.
For home buyers bringing at least 3% of their own funds to closing, the Conventional 97Ā minimum credit score requirement is 680, regardless of supplemental contributions made by parents or other family members.
Conventional 97 restricts from whom a buyer can accept gift funds. Buyers can accept from a relative, which includes a spouse, child, or anyone else related by blood, marriage, adoption, or legal guardianship. Gifts may also be accepted from a fiance/fiancee or a domestic partner.
No, a REALTORĀ® may not provide the gift of downpayment, nor may any other interested party to the transaction. This includes the seller, the mortgage lender, and the title representative, among others.
Yes, theĀ Conventional 97 mortgage program enforces a maximum DTI, which varies by downpayment "source". Mortgage applicants making a downpayment from their own funds may not exceed 45% debt-to-income via theĀ Conventional 97 program. Mortgage applicants accepting gift funds for a downpayment are limited to 41% DTI. Debt-to-income is calculated by dividing your total monthly debt obligations into your total verifiable monthly income.
TheĀ Conventional 97 program takes no longer to underwrite than any other conventional mortgage. Approval times vary by lender, but are often quite quick.
TheĀ Conventional 97 mortgage program does not "expire". It's not like the Home Affordable Refinance Program (HARP), which was created to spur housing and the economy. Fannie Mae's 3 percent downpayment program is indefinite.
TheĀ Conventional 97 mortgage is a specialized program and is not available through via all mortgage lenders. If you've been turned down for the Conventional 97 mortgage by your primary lender, just apply again here. You'll likely find a different outcome.
The Conventional 97 program is not a new program. However, it's a decidedly cheaper option as compared to the FHA. The Federal Housing Administration has raised its mortgage insurance rates so many times that its benchmark product has moved to second place.
If you're buying a home and plan to make a low downpayment; or refinancing one and have little home equity, look to the Conventional 97 program. It's fast, it's cheap, and the rates are great.
Get started with a free, no-obligationĀ Conventional 97 online mortgageĀ rate quote. View today's rates and see how much home you can afford. Because with lower downpayments and smaller PMI, your home-buying dollar should get you much, much more.
The information contained on The Mortgage Reports website is for informational purposes only and is not an advertisement for products offered by Full Beaker. The views and opinions expressed herein are those of the author and do not reflect the policy or position of Full Beaker, its officers, parent, or affiliates.
Deborah C. Television Crewer
The Mortgage Reports is part of my morning routine. As I read, I learn more, and have come to understand the mortgage industry. I can't thank you enough!
Martha D. Visual Artist
The Mortgage Reports has given me lots of valuable information, and reliable information, too!
Amit D. Research Scientist
The Mortgage Reports gave me valuable information, tips, and advice which helped me to acquire a home with the lowest mortgage interest rate. Keep up the good work!
2016 Conforming, FHA, & VA Loan Limits
Mortgage loan limits for every U.S. county, as published by Fannie Mae & Freddie Mac, the Federal Housing Administration (FHA), and the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)