ToÂ co-sign a mortgage is to put your name on a mortgage as a guarantee against a loan's primary borrower failing to keep up with payments.
As a co-signer on a mortgage, you're committing to another person's financial obligation.
However, in today's mortgage environment,Â the need to co-sign is practically nil.Â There are an abundance of low- and no-downpayment mortgage options in today's market for buyers of all credit types; and, current mortgage rates are so low that the hurdles to homeownership have dropped.
Plus, with mortgage lenders loosening loan guidelines nationwide, more mortgage loans are getting approved than during any period this decade.
It's not that co-signing is a bad idea, per se -- it's just that co-signing on a loanÂ may be unnecessary for your particular mortgage situation.Click to see today's rates (Feb 22nd, 2017)
The number one reasonÂ to add a co-signer to your mortgage is to qualify for a loan that you might otherwise not get.
This might mean getting access to lower mortgage rates, a higher loan amount, a special loan program such as theÂ HomeReadyâ„˘ mortgage, or all of the above.
In a best-case co-signing scenario, the primary mortgage borrower gets approved for theirÂ "best loan possible" with the co-signer's name attached.
Then, at some point in the future, the loan is refinanced into the primary borrower's name solely, which frees the co-signer of their financial obligation to the mortgage.
During this co-signed period, the primary borrower makes theirÂ mortgage payments on-time; and, because a co-signed mortgage shows up on the credit reports of both parties, the co-signer doesn't have a needÂ to apply for its own mortgage.
A co-signed mortgage can be refinanced as few as 90 days after closing.Click to see today's rates (Feb 22nd, 2017)
The worst-case scenario on co-signed loans is the reason why co-signed mortgages get a bad rap.
Because both parties are equally obligated to the loan and the lender, a missed mortgage payment damagesÂ twoÂ people's credit -- not just one. Your credit score can drop more than 100 points for an eventÂ like that.
Missing aÂ secondÂ mortgage payment would be evenÂ worse. And, as a co-signer, you likely wouldn't know there's a problem:
As a co-signer, the primary borrower's default becomesÂ yourÂ default, too, and that foreclosure remains on your credit report for up to 7 years.
Now, there are circumstances in which the lender will waive the foreclosure waiting period, but a "co-signed mortgage" isn't one such circumstance.
If you're thinking of doing a mortgage co-sign but are nervous about it, consider the "non-occupant co-borrower" option.
A non-occupant co-borrower is a person who is co-borrowing on a home, but not living in it. Non-occupant co-borrowers are a step above co-signers -- they're "partners" in the home's ownership.
Mortgage rates for loans with a non-occupant co-borrower are typically higher than rates for a co-signed mortgage, but to the secondary party, being a non-occupant co-borrower can feel a lot more safe.
As a non-occupant co-borrower, you get the same notices as the borrower so you know ifÂ they're not paying on time; and, you put yourself in position to force a home sale if the primary borrower is not fulfilling their duties to your arrangement.
When you apply for your mortgage, just tell the lender that you'll be using a non-occupant co-borrower on the loan. Your lender will know what to do.Click to see today's rates (Feb 22nd, 2017)
For some, the idea of co-signing or joining a loan application as a non-occupant co-borrower will seem frightening.
That's okay because, in today's mortgage market, you may not need to co-sign on a mortgage at all.
In addition to an abundance of low- and no-downpayment loans available for today's buyers of homes, there are downpayment and closing cost assistance programs to help first-time home buyers and other home buyers get access to mortgage credit.
Any of the following could be a viable substitute for a borrower in search of a mortgage co-signer
The above programs address a wide-range of home buyer needs including help for those with little or no money for a downpayment; with low-to-moderate income levels; with a "thin" credit file; and, with a few blemishes against their credit report.
If you're planning to co-sign on a mortgage, it's important to understand the risks -- and to know that you may not need to co-sign on a loan at all.
Get today's live mortgage rates now. Your social security number is not required to get started, and all quotes come with access to your live mortgage credit scores.Click to see today's rates (Feb 22nd, 2017)
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2017 Conforming, FHA, & VA Loan Limits
Mortgage loan limits for every U.S. county, as published by Fannie Mae & Freddie Mac, the Federal Housing Administration (FHA), and the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)