What’s driving current mortgage rates?
Average mortgage rates today are a mixed bag as investors, lenders and borrowers await the outcome of today’s US national mid-term election. It’s a pushme-pullyu kind of day.These rates are just averages. Click here to get your personalized rate now. (Jan 18th, 2019)
In addition to the election, a Treasury auction of 10-year Notes could impact rates — although it’s hard to imagine people paying much attention to trading while this important political event occurs over the course of the day.
Demand for these notes could affect mortgage rates; high demand would cause the prices of bonds and mortgage-backed securities to rise and yields (rates) to fall. The opposite is also true.
|Conventional 30 yr Fixed||5.163||5.175||Unchanged|
|Conventional 15 yr Fixed||4.708||4.728||-0.04%|
|Conventional 5 yr ARM||4.625||5.079||+0.02%|
|30 year fixed FHA||4.958||5.97||Unchanged|
|15 year fixed FHA||4.125||5.079||-0.06%|
|5 year ARM FHA||4.25||5.514||+0.02%|
|30 year fixed VA||5.042||5.242||Unchanged|
|15 year fixed VA||4.25||4.567||+0.06%|
|5 year ARM VA||4.438||4.786||+0.05%|
|Your rate might be different. Click here for a personalized rate quote. See our rate assumptions here.|
Financial data affecting today’s mortgage rates
While mainly overshadowed by the employment report, today’s financial data are all over the place — the most important — oil, stocks, and Treasuries, contradict themselves and their effects are pretty much a wash.
- Major stock indexes opened slightly higher (slightly bad for rates)
- Gold prices fell $2 to $1,232 an ounce. (That is slightly bad for mortgage rates. In general, it’s better for rates when gold rises, and worse when gold falls. Gold tends to rise when investors worry about the economy. And worried investors tend to push rates lower)
- Oil prices fell $1 to $63 a barrel (good news for rates because energy prices play a large role in creating inflation)
- The yield on ten-year Treasuries increased 1 basis point (1/100th of 1 percent) to 3.21 percent. That’s bad for borrowers because mortgage rates tend to follow Treasuries
- CNNMoney’s Fear & Greed Index rose 3 points to 13 (out of a possible 100). That score is still in the “extreme fear” range (good for borrowers), but the direction (upward) is not good for rates. “Greedy” investors push bond prices down (and interest rates up) as they leave the bond market and move into stocks, while “fearful” investors do the opposite
Rate lock recommendation
Mortgage rates are likely to increase in the months following the election. Statistics show that the economy and interest rates tend to heat up after an election no matter who wins.
According to Peter Mallouk at MarketWatch, “In the years Democrats gain seats in Congress, the market is up 14.45% for the next 12 months. In the years Republicans gain seats, the market is up 10.95% for the next 12 months. The takeaway here isn’t which party is better for the markets, but rather that the market tends to perform better than normal following national elections.”
But you are probably more concerned with what will happen in the next few days.
In a rising rate environment, the decision to lock or float becomes complicated. Obviously, if you know rates are rising, you want to lock in as soon as possible. However, the longer your lock, the higher your upfront costs. If you are weeks away from closing on your mortgage, that’s something to consider. On the flip side, if a higher rate would wipe out your mortgage approval, you’ll probably want to lock in even if it costs more.
If you’re still floating, stay in close contact with your lender, and keep an eye on markets. I recommend:
- LOCK if closing in 7 days
- LOCK if closing in 15 days
- LOCK if closing in 30 days
- FLOAT if closing in 45 days
- FLOAT if closing in 60 days
This week brings few scheduled economic reports pertaining to mortgage rates. But we do have this small matter of a national election on Tuesday.
- Monday: Nothing
- Tuesday: US national mid-term election and a Treasury auction of 10-year Notes. Demand for these notes could affect mortgage rates; high demand would cause the prices of bonds and mortgage-backed securities to rise and yields (rates) to fall. The opposite is also true.
- Wednesday: Treasury auction of 30-year Notes
- Thursday: Federal Open Market Committee statement, in which the Fed may provide clues about its future projections and actions regarding interest rates. They are not expected to raise interest rates at this time
- Friday: Producer Price Index (PPI), which shows costs at the manufacturing level. Increases eventually find their way to the consumer level and eventually increase costs, which tends to push interest rates as well. Experts anticipate a .2 percent increase from September. More would be bad for rates, less would be good. In addition, the University of Michigan releases its preliminary Survey of Consumer Sentiment, which measures consumers’ likelihood of major purchases in the near future. High is bad for rates, low is good. Analysts project a decrease from 98.6 to 98. However, the election results could change this.
What causes rates to rise and fall?
Mortgage interest rates depend on a great deal on the expectations of investors. Good economic news tends to be bad for interest rates because an active economy raises concerns about inflation. Inflation causes fixed-income investments like bonds to lose value, and that causes their yields (another way of saying interest rates) to increase.
For example, suppose that two years ago, you bought a $1,000 bond paying five percent interest ($50) each year. (This is called its “coupon rate.”) That’s a pretty good rate today, so lots of investors want to buy it from you. You sell your $1,000 bond for $1,200.
When rates fall
The buyer gets the same $50 a year in interest that you were getting. However, because he paid more for the bond, his interest rate is now five percent.
- Your interest rate: $50 annual interest / $1,000 = 5.0%
- Your buyer’s interest rate: $50 annual interest / $1,200 = 4.2%
The buyer gets an interest rate, or yield, of only 4.2 percent. And that’s why, when demand for bonds increases and bond prices go up, interest rates go down.
When rates rise
However, when the economy heats up, the potential for inflation makes bonds less appealing. With fewer people wanting to buy bonds, their prices decrease, and then interest rates go up.
Imagine that you have your $1,000 bond, but you can’t sell it for $1,000 because unemployment has dropped and stock prices are soaring. You end up getting $700. The buyer gets the same $50 a year in interest, but the yield looks like this:
- $50 annual interest / $700 = 7.1%
The buyer’s interest rate is now slightly more than seven percent. Interest rates and yields are not mysterious. You calculate them with simple math.Verify your new rate (Jan 18th, 2019)
Mortgage rate methodology
The Mortgage Reports receives rates based on selected criteria from multiple lending partners each day. We arrive at an average rate and APR for each loan type to display in our chart. Because we average an array of rates, it gives you a better idea of what you might find in the marketplace. Furthermore, we average rates for the same loan types. For example, FHA fixed with FHA fixed. The end result is a good snapshot of daily rates and how they change over time.