Mortgage rates today, January 29, plus lock recommendations

Gina Pogol
The Mortgage Reports contributor

What’s driving current mortgage rates?

Mortgage rates today are sharply higher, mostly because of news from Europe. The Dutch central bank president Klaas Knot said that the ECB (European Central Bank) should discontinue its economic stimulus program. And many believe that the US Federal Reserve is likely feeling the same about the US economy — and likely to raise interest rates.

Next, we have three important pieces of US data: personal income, core inflation, and consumer spending. However, their effect on mortgage rates was minimal because actual figures were close to analysts’ predictions.

Personal income came in higher than the expected .3 percent gain, increasing .4 percent in December (bad for rates because it’s inflationary), the core inflation came in exactly as predicted at .2 percent (neutral), and consumer spending missed its anticipated .5 percent rise, coming in at .4 percent (good for rates).

Verify your new rate (Oct 20th, 2020)

Mortgage rates today

Program Rate APR* Change
Conventional 30 yr Fixed 4.417 4.428 +0.08%
Conventional 15 yr Fixed 3.917 3.936 Unchanged
Conventional 5 yr ARM 3.938 4.029 +0.02%
30 year fixed FHA 4.125 5.128 +0.08%
15 year fixed FHA 3.563 4.512 +0.06%
5 year ARM FHA 3.75 4.542 -0.05%
30 year fixed VA 4.125 4.314 +0.04%
15 year fixed VA 3.625 3.937 Unchanged
5 year ARM VA 4.0 3.807 Unchanged

Your rate might be different. Click here for a personalized rate quote. See our rate assumptions here.

Financial data that affect today’s mortgage rates

Today’s early data are mixed, but the most important mover of rates appears to be the likely changes at the ECB.

  • Major stock indexes opened lower (good for rates, because rising stocks typically take interest rates with them — making it more expensive to borrow )
  • Gold prices fell another $9 an ounce (for the second straight day) to $1,342. (That is bad for mortgage rates. In general, it’s better for rates when gold rises, and worse when gold falls. Gold tends to rise when investors worry about the economy. And worried investors tend to push rates lower)
  • Oil fell $1 to $65  barrel (good for mortgage rates, because higher energy prices play a large role in creating inflation)
  • The yield on ten-year Treasuries rose 4 basis points (4/100th of one percent to 2.70 percent, the highest it’s been in nearly three years. That’s worse for mortgage rates because mortgage rates tend to follow Treasuries
  • CNNMoney’s Fear & Greed Index fell 3 points to 75, the “greed” level. That’s technically good for rates because the index dropped, but 75 is still a high number. In this case, greed is NOT good. “Fearful” investors push rates down as they leave the stock market and move into bonds, while “greedy” investors do the opposite. That causes rates to rise

Mortgage rates today remain very favorable for anyone considering homeownership. Residential financing is still affordable.

This week

This week delivers many important economic reporting and the potential for more movement in mortgage interest rates.

  • Monday — personal income, core inflation, and consumer spending
  • Tuesday — Case-Shiller Home Prices and Consumer Confidence
  • Wednesday — ADP Employment and Fed announcement
  • Thursday — Weekly unemployment, ISM Manufacturing Index
  • Friday — Monthly employment report (most important report of the month)

If you’re not yet locked, pay careful attention next week. We’ll break down these individual reports and how they affect you next week.

Rate lock recommendation

In general, 30-day is the standard price most lenders will (should) quote you. The 15-day option should get you a discount, and locks over 30 days usually cost more. If you need to hit a certain rate to qualify or make a refinance work, and you can get that rate today, I recommend grabbing it. Keep in mind that longer locks can cost at least .125 percent in FEES for 45 days or .25 percent in FEES (not the rate) for a 60-day lock.

  • LOCK if closing in 7 days
  • LOCK if closing in 15 days
  • LOCK if closing in 30 days
  • FLOAT if closing in 45 days
  • FLOAT if closing in 60 days

Video: More about mortgage rates

What causes rates to rise and fall?

Mortgage interest rates depend on a great deal on the expectations of investors. Good economic news tends to be bad for interest rates because an active economy raises concerns about inflation. Inflation causes fixed-income investments like bonds to lose value, and that causes their yields (another way of saying interest rates) to increase.

For example, suppose that two years ago, you bought a $1,000 bond paying five percent interest ($50) each year. (This is called its “coupon rate.”) That’s a pretty good rate today, so lots of investors want to buy it from you. You sell your $1,000 bond for $1,200.

When rates fall

The buyer gets the same $50 a year in interest that you were getting. However, because he paid more for the bond, his interest rate is now five percent.

  • Your interest rate: $50 annual interest / $1,000 = 5.0%
  • Your buyer’s interest rate: $50 annual interest / $1,200 = 4.2%

The buyer gets an interest rate, or yield, of only 4.2 percent. And that’s why, when demand for bonds increases and bond prices go up, interest rates go down.

When rates rise

However, when the economy heats up, the potential for inflation makes bonds less appealing. With fewer people wanting to buy bonds, their prices decrease, and then interest rates go up.

Imagine that you have your $1,000 bond, but you can’t sell it for $1,000 because unemployment has dropped and stock prices are soaring. You end up getting $700. The buyer gets the same $50 a year in interest, but the yield looks like this:

  • $50 annual interest / $700 = 7.1%

The buyer’s interest rate is now slightly more than seven percent. Interest rates and yields are not mysterious. You calculate them with simple math.

Verify your new rate (Oct 20th, 2020)